The ICPR was founded in to encourage trans-boundary cooperation and control the amount of pollution discharged into the Rhine River. Switzerland, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands agreed to this initiative, which means that they were willing to continue cooperation with the other countries in order to protect the Rhine River  Similar to the Rhine Action Program, Rhine focuses on water quality and ecosystem improvement, but also extends to flood prevention and groundwater protection.
Water Quality, Ecosystems Stakeholder Types: The Salmon Commission was formed by the Netherlands, Switzerland and Germany in to regulate and protect salmon fishing along the Rhine River  ; when the salmon population was declining, the Salmon Commission was obligated by the Netherlands to discuss water quality issues and chloride pollution in drinking water during its meetings inand ; the Dutch were concerned because they were the downstream community that was affected by all the pollution and wastes generated from Switzerland, Germany and other upstream countries .
Based on ChaseMcKinsey: In the end, it was agreed that all ICPR members should contribute and the subsequent negotiations focused on the costs of storing salt. In some delegates attended a conference to conclude the process.
However, nitrogen and some heavy metals and pesticides have not achieved the target levels set by the ICPR in but these compounds will continue to be monitored through the new treaty Rhine While the Rhine Action Program did not involve all stakeholders other than the governmental representatives in the ICPRthe negotiations and discussions at Convention on the Protection of the Rhine had a lot of involvement from non-governmental organizations NGOs.
Because the Salmon Commission was formed on the basis of regulating fishing, the pollution problem was deferred and a new commission was established to address this issue. Unfortunately, the Berne Treaty did not include emission reduction goals or discussed about actions pertaining to the tributaries that carried the most pollutants .
The German officials refused to meet because of the poor relations between government officials and differing approaches to regulating pollution discharge levels in the river.
The plan called for non-binding reports regarding goals for cleanup of the river to be issued by the ICPR, rather than a formal treaty making process setting out the specifics of regulation.
However, these issues remained unaddressed for a number of following years because upstream countries were uninterested, and because Europe experienced an economic recession that lasted through World War II. Approximately 40 billion Euros were spent between and for wastewater treatment plants .
The Rhine Action Program of had the following goals : The negotiation process also involved all relevant stakeholders: After more than four years, the Convention on the Protection of the Rhine against Pollution by Chlorides was signed in Among the participants were representatives of member states, regional and local authorities, enforcement agencies, water providers, industry, agriculture, and not least, consumers and environmentalists.
Based on the Surveymany of the objectives are on track to reach the target goals set forth in Rhineand progress will be continuously monitored. Governance of the river was at an impasse.
Although the Chlorides Convention addressed some of the water quality issues, water pollution was still ongoing. Found a symbol of restoration and improved quality of the river: Determined that international regulation should be minimal and informal.
Because the French did not regulate the salt discharges, the Dutch government recalled its ambassador from France.
The ICPR and associated stakeholders will continue to be heavily involved to protect the water quality of the Rhine River.The Rhine Floods causes of the floods. Causes of the floods: natural causes. Floods are part of the natural water cycle and flooding is, for the most part, steered by natural processes.
Rhine Flooding Case Study Abhijeet Thakor 10AM Introduction: The River Rhine is one of Europe's largest and most used waterways. The source of this great river can be found in the Swiss Alps, where it stretches 1,km until it flows out into the Dutch North Sea.
This case study focuses on the international cooperation required to prevent pollution to the Rhine River. Water quality declined during the s as a result of wastes discharged into the river because of industrialization and urbanization. RHINE CASE STUDY Ine D.
Frijters and Jan Leentvaar Water Management Inspectorate, Ministry of Transport, Public Works, and Water Management, the Netherlands The Rhine river basin can be considered as representing four distinct river ecosystems. The High Rhine, upstream of Basel and located mainly in Switzerland.
One-dimensional ﬂow modelling and a case study of the River Rhine Tobias Bleninger & John D. Fenton Institute for Hydromechanics, University of Karlsruhe, Kaiserstrasse 12, Karlsruhe, Germany.
Case Study of river pollution Introduction River pollution has caused loss of lives and imbalances in the ecosystem. People, industries and natural causes contribute to the pollution of rivers. This makes the waters unsafe .Download